The Asian part of Russia is also known as Northern Asia. This area is divided into the federal districts of the Urals, Siberia and the Far East. The term “Siberia” for the entire area is widely known, but in fact it is not correct. Every now and then, Mongolia also falls into the area of North Asia, which is usually assigned to East Asia.
Compared to other parts of Asia, North Asia is the least populated area. The area is over 13 million square kilometers, Germany would fit more than 36 times. But just over 38 million people live in North Asia, compared to Germany that’s not even half. Even without the European part of Russia, which makes up around four million square kilometers, Russia is the largest country in the world.
North Asia geography
North Asia borders the European part of Russia in the west. In the south to Kazakhstan, Mongolia, China and North Korea. Otherwise, North Asia has a coastline of over 30,000 kilometers and borders on several seas, including the Arctic Ocean, the Japanese Sea, the Sea of Okhotsk, the Bering Sea and the Pacific.
Within North Asia, Russia is divided into various large landscapes. These include the Urals, the West Siberian lowlands, the Central and East Siberian highlands, the Central Yakut lowlands and also the South Siberian mountains. This alone shows that the landscape in North Asia is very diverse. Except for tropical regions, all types of vegetation can be found here. From cold deserts to meadow and mountain tundra, deciduous and floodplain forests and grass and salt steppes to reed swamps. Around 40% of the area consists of mountains, the natural border from North Asia to the European part of Russia is the Urals.
North Asia has more than 120,000 rivers to offer, the most important of which are: Lena, Ob, Amur, Schilka, Onon, Untere Tunguska, Ussuri, Selenga and Tobol. In addition to the many rivers, almost two million lakes can be found here, including the oldest freshwater lake, Lake Baikal, which is also the deepest freshwater reservoir in the world.
The people of North Asia
The largest city is Novosibirsk, which is located in southern Siberia and has almost 1.5 million inhabitants, followed by Omsk with 1.15 million inhabitants. Many of the major cities in the European part of Russia are no longer part of Northern Asia. Due to the size of the country, numerous ethnic groups can also be found here, the majority (over 80%) of whom are the Russian people.
Let’s take a look at the religions in North Asia. After the fall of the Iron Curtain and the disappearance of the atheistic ideology of the state, people started to think back to religious values. So today there is only a percentage between 25 and 35 percent who call themselves without religion. The strongest faith is Christianity, here the Russian Orthodox faith, followed by the agnostics, the Muslims, the Buddhists and the Jews.
When you think of Russia, you think of Moscow and St. Petersburg, two vibrant cities that have so much to offer. Both cities have fantastic museums and many sights. In Moscow, of course, the red square and the Kremlin should be mentioned. The Kremlin is the seat of government of the Duma. Russia is a semi-presidential republic, head of state of which is President Dmitry Medvedev. The head of government, Vladimir Putin, previously held the office of head of state. Russia has an area of 17,075,400 square kilometers with 13,122,850 square kilometers in Asia.
According to findjobdescriptions, Russia was created in 1263 with the Grand Duchy of Moscow. In the meantime, Russia has become an important industrial nation because of its numerous resources and is a member of the G8. Russia has long been inaccessible to western tourists because it was behind the iron curtain. In recent years, since it is possible to travel to Russia again, more and more people are interested in it. You can only travel to Russia with a visa, but getting one is usually not very difficult.
With Sochi, Russia became the venue for the 2014 Olympic Games.