Economic Sectors of Uganda


Uganda, located in East Africa, has a diverse economy that encompasses various sectors contributing to its overall development. Uganda’s economic statistics reflect its efforts to promote economic growth, reduce poverty, and enhance key sectors such as agriculture and services. Please note that economic statistics can change over time, so we recommend consulting more recent sources for the latest data. Here’s an overview of the statistics for each economic sector in Uganda:

  1. Agriculture Sector:

Agriculture is a foundational sector in Uganda, employing the majority of the population and contributing significantly to the country’s GDP:

  • Crops: According to Smber, Uganda cultivates a wide variety of crops, including staples like bananas, maize, millet, and cassava. Coffee, tea, and cotton are major cash crops.
  • Livestock: Livestock farming, including cattle, poultry, and goats, supports food production, nutrition, and income generation.
  1. Industry and Manufacturing:

The industrial sector in Uganda includes manufacturing, mining, and construction:

  • Manufacturing: Uganda’s manufacturing activities encompass food processing, textiles, beverages, and building materials.
  • Construction: The construction industry has seen growth, driven by infrastructure development and urbanization.
  1. Services Sector:

The services sector is a significant contributor to Uganda’s economy, encompassing various activities such as finance, trade, and telecommunications:

  • Trade and Retail: Trade activities involve both domestic and international trade of goods and services, contributing to economic growth and employment.
  • Finance and Banking: The financial services sector supports investment, savings, and economic activities. Uganda has a well-developed banking system.
  • Telecommunications: The telecommunications industry has witnessed growth, driven by increased connectivity and mobile phone adoption.
  1. Tourism Sector:

Tourism plays a role in Uganda’s economy, attracting visitors to its national parks, wildlife, and cultural heritage:

  • Wildlife and Nature: Uganda’s natural beauty, including national parks and wildlife, is a draw for eco-tourism and wildlife enthusiasts.
  • Cultural Tourism: The country’s rich cultural heritage and historical sites also contribute to its tourism sector.
  1. Information and Communications Technology (ICT):

The ICT sector has been growing, driven by increased internet access and digital technology adoption:

  • Digital Services: The growth of the ICT sector has led to the development of digital services, e-commerce, and technology-based solutions.

Challenges and Opportunities:

Uganda faces various challenges in its economic development:

  • Agricultural Productivity: Low agricultural productivity, inadequate infrastructure, and challenges in value chain development can impact the sector’s potential.
  • Youth Unemployment: High youth unemployment poses a challenge, highlighting the need for job creation and skills development.
  • Infrastructure: Insufficient infrastructure, including roads and electricity, can hinder economic activities and investment.

However, there are opportunities for growth and development:

  • Agricultural Transformation: Enhancing agricultural productivity, supporting smallholder farmers, and promoting value-added processing can drive economic growth.
  • Tourism Potential: Uganda’s diverse landscapes, wildlife, and cultural assets offer opportunities for further developing the tourism sector.
  • Investment: Attracting foreign direct investment, promoting entrepreneurship, and improving the business environment can drive economic diversification.


Uganda’s economic sectors are interconnected and contribute to the country’s overall development. Agriculture, industry, services, tourism, and ICT play distinct roles in shaping the economy. The government’s efforts to address challenges, promote sustainable growth, and enhance infrastructure will likely influence Uganda’s economic trajectory in the years ahead. For the most current and accurate statistics, we recommend consulting recent reports and official sources on Uganda’s economy.

Major Trade Partners of Uganda

Uganda, a landlocked country in East Africa, engages in trade relationships with a variety of countries to support its economic growth and development. Uganda’s trade dynamics are influenced by its geographic location, economic diversification efforts, and export-oriented policies. However, trade patterns can change over time, so we recommend referring to more recent sources for the latest information. Here’s an overview of Uganda’s major trade partners:

  1. Kenya:

According to COUNTRYAAH.COM, Kenya is one of Uganda’s most significant trade partners due to their shared border and historical ties. The two countries have a strong economic relationship involving goods such as agricultural products, manufactured items, and services. The Mombasa port in Kenya serves as a vital gateway for Uganda’s international trade.

  1. China:

China has become an increasingly important trade partner for Uganda in recent years. Trade relations involve goods such as machinery, electronics, textiles, and consumer products. China is also involved in infrastructure projects within Uganda.

  1. India:

Uganda maintains trade relations with India, involving goods such as pharmaceuticals, machinery, textiles, and consumer products. The two countries engage in bilateral trade and investment cooperation.

  1. United Arab Emirates (UAE):

The UAE is a trade partner for Uganda, particularly in terms of re-exporting goods to other countries. The country’s well-connected airports and ports make it a hub for trade activities.

  1. South Sudan:

Uganda’s trade relations with South Sudan involve goods such as food products, construction materials, and manufactured items. The proximity of the two countries and their economic ties contribute to trade flows.

  1. European Union (EU):

The European Union is a trade partner for Uganda, involving goods such as coffee, tea, and other agricultural products. The EU is also involved in development cooperation and investment projects in Uganda.

  1. United States:

The United States is a trade partner for Uganda, involving goods such as agricultural products, textiles, and machinery. The U.S. is also involved in development assistance and investment activities in the country.

  1. Rwanda:

Uganda engages in trade relationships with Rwanda, involving goods such as food products, construction materials, and manufactured items. The two countries share a border and have economic ties.

  1. Tanzania:

Uganda maintains trade relations with Tanzania, involving goods such as agricultural products, manufactured items, and services. The two countries share a border and engage in regional economic cooperation.

Challenges and Opportunities:

Uganda faces challenges such as infrastructure limitations, bureaucratic hurdles, and regional conflicts that can impact its trade dynamics. Additionally, the COVID-19 pandemic has affected trade and supply chains.

However, there are opportunities for growth and development. Uganda’s efforts to enhance infrastructure, improve the business environment, and promote investment can contribute to economic expansion. The country’s strategic location within the East African region, its natural resources, and its agricultural potential position it as a key player in regional and global trade.


Uganda’s major trade partners include neighboring countries like Kenya and South Sudan, as well as global players like China and India. These trade relationships are crucial for Uganda’s economic development and its integration into regional and global trade networks. The country’s efforts to diversify trade partners, engage in regional economic initiatives, and promote foreign investment will shape its trade landscape in the years ahead. Given the evolving nature of international trade, consulting up-to-date sources is recommended for the latest trade statistics and insights.