Economic Sectors of Tanzania


Tanzania, located in East Africa, possesses a diverse economy that draws from various sectors such as agriculture, industry, and services. The country has been working to harness its resources and potential to promote sustainable economic growth and development. However, economic statistics can change over time, so we recommend consulting more recent sources for the latest data. Here’s an overview of the statistics for each economic sector in Tanzania:

Agriculture Sector:

Agriculture is the backbone of Tanzania’s economy, providing employment to a significant portion of the population and contributing to rural livelihoods. Major agricultural activities and products include:

  • Cash Crops: According to Smber, Tanzania is a major producer of cash crops such as coffee, tea, cotton, cashew nuts, and tobacco. These crops are important for both domestic consumption and export earnings.
  • Food Crops: Food crops like maize, rice, cassava, and bananas are crucial for local food security. These crops form the staple diet for much of the population.
  • Livestock: Livestock farming, including cattle, goats, and poultry, contributes to food supply, nutrition, and rural livelihoods.

Industry Sector:

The industry sector in Tanzania encompasses mining, manufacturing, and energy production. This sector has been growing in importance as the country seeks to diversify its economy:

  • Mining: Tanzania is rich in mineral resources, including gold, diamonds, and gemstones. The mining sector has attracted foreign investment and contributed to export earnings. Gold, in particular, has been a major export commodity.
  • Manufacturing: The manufacturing sector includes production of textiles, food products, and construction materials. The government has been working to promote value addition and processing of raw materials within the country.
  • Energy: Tanzania has been focusing on developing its energy sector, including hydropower and natural gas. Energy infrastructure development supports both domestic consumption and export potential.

Services Sector:

The services sector in Tanzania comprises a range of activities, including trade, tourism, finance, and telecommunications:

  • Tourism: Tanzania is known for its natural beauty, including wildlife and iconic landmarks like Mount Kilimanjaro and the Serengeti National Park. Tourism contributes to foreign exchange earnings and employment.
  • Trade: Tanzania engages in trade both domestically and internationally. Trade relations involve neighboring countries in East Africa as well as global partners.
  • Finance and Banking: The financial services sector plays a crucial role in supporting economic activities, investment, and entrepreneurship. Access to financial services is important for both individuals and businesses.

Challenges and Opportunities:

Tanzania’s economy faces challenges, including poverty, infrastructure deficits, and limited access to education and healthcare. The country’s reliance on agriculture for employment can lead to vulnerabilities due to climate change and market fluctuations.

However, there are opportunities for growth and development. Developing infrastructure, promoting value addition in agriculture and manufacturing, and tapping into energy resources can contribute to economic expansion. Tourism also holds potential for generating revenue and creating jobs.


Tanzania’s economic sectors are interconnected and contribute to the country’s overall development. Agriculture remains central to livelihoods, while industry and services offer opportunities for diversification and growth. The government’s efforts to address economic challenges, promote sustainable development, and improve infrastructure will likely shape the trajectory of Tanzania’s economy in the years ahead. For the most current and accurate statistics, we recommend consulting recent reports and official sources on Tanzania’s economy.

Major Trade Partners of Tanzania

Tanzania, located in East Africa, has established trade relationships with various countries around the world to support its economic growth and development. Tanzania’s major trade partners include both neighboring countries within Africa and international players from different regions. These trade partnerships play a crucial role in shaping Tanzania’s economy and its engagement in the global market. Please note that trade dynamics can change over time, so we recommend referring to more recent sources for the latest information. Here’s an overview of Tanzania’s major trade partners:

  1. China:

According to COUNTRYAAH.COM, China has become a significant trade partner for Tanzania in recent years. The two countries engage in trade across various sectors, including infrastructure development, telecommunications, and manufacturing. China’s investments in Tanzania’s infrastructure projects, such as the construction of roads, ports, and energy facilities, have been notable. Additionally, China is an important source of consumer goods and electronics for the Tanzanian market.

  1. India:

India is a key trade partner for Tanzania, with trade relations involving a range of goods such as pharmaceuticals, textiles, machinery, and chemicals. The two countries have also worked together on projects related to agriculture and information technology.

  1. European Union (EU):

The EU is a significant destination for Tanzanian exports, particularly agricultural products such as coffee, tea, and spices. The Everything But Arms (EBA) initiative, which provides duty-free and quota-free access to the EU market for least developed countries, including Tanzania, has facilitated exports and trade relations.

  1. South Africa:

Tanzania maintains trade relations with South Africa, with trade involving various commodities and goods. South Africa is an important source of machinery, vehicles, and manufactured products for Tanzania.

  1. Kenya:

Kenya is one of Tanzania’s neighboring countries and an important trade partner within the East African region. The two countries engage in cross-border trade, and they are both part of the East African Community (EAC), a regional economic bloc that promotes trade and integration among member states.

  1. United Arab Emirates (UAE):

The UAE is an important trade partner for Tanzania, with trade involving goods such as machinery, petroleum products, and consumer goods. Additionally, the UAE is a source of investment and a gateway for Tanzanian exports to the Middle East and beyond.

  1. Japan:

Tanzania maintains trade relations with Japan, particularly in sectors such as machinery, equipment, and vehicles. Japan’s advanced technology and industrial products align with Tanzania’s needs.

  1. United States:

While the United States is not among Tanzania’s largest trade partners, the two countries engage in trade involving textiles, machinery, and agricultural products. The U.S. provides opportunities for Tanzanian exports and imports.

Challenges and Opportunities:

Tanzania faces challenges in its trade relationships due to infrastructure deficits, bureaucratic procedures, and competition from other global producers. Improving transportation infrastructure, streamlining trade procedures, and enhancing the business environment are key priorities to address these challenges.

However, there are opportunities for growth and diversification. Developing value addition in agriculture and manufacturing, promoting tourism, and tapping into regional and global supply chains can contribute to economic expansion. Tanzania’s strategic location along key trade routes, such as those connecting East Africa to other parts of the continent, presents opportunities for trade and connectivity.


Tanzania’s major trade partners include China, India, the European Union, South Africa, and neighboring countries like Kenya. These trade relationships are crucial for Tanzania’s economic development and its engagement in the global economy. The country’s efforts to improve infrastructure, streamline trade procedures, and diversify its trading partners will shape its trade landscape in the years ahead. For the most current trade statistics and insights, referring to up-to-date sources is recommended.