Economic Sectors of Serbia


We can provide you with an overview of the economic sectors in Serbia and some key statistics up to that point. Please note that the data might have changed since then, so we recommend checking with more recent sources for the latest statistics.

  1. Agriculture: Agriculture has traditionally been an important sector in Serbia, contributing to food security and rural employment. Key agricultural products include wheat, corn, sunflower, and various fruits and vegetables. According to Smber, agriculture accounted for around 10% of Serbia’s GDP and employed a significant portion of the population, especially in rural areas.
  2. Industry: Serbia has a diverse industrial base, including sectors like manufacturing, mining, and energy production. Manufacturing includes automotive, machinery, food processing, and electronics. The automotive industry, in particular, has attracted foreign investments from companies like Fiat and others. Industry accounted for a substantial portion of the country’s GDP and provided employment opportunities.
  3. Services: The services sector has been growing in importance in Serbia’s economy. It includes subsectors like finance, tourism, information technology, and telecommunications. The development of the IT sector and the growth of outsourcing services have made Serbia an emerging destination for IT-related services, benefiting from its educated workforce and competitive labor costs.
  4. Tourism: Tourism is a sector that has been gradually expanding in Serbia. The country offers a mix of cultural, historical, and natural attractions, including cities like Belgrade and Novi Sad, as well as natural sites like the Danube River and various national parks. The number of international visitors and revenue from tourism has been increasing, contributing to the economy.
  5. Foreign Trade: Serbia has been actively involved in foreign trade, with both exports and imports playing a crucial role in the economy. The country’s main export products include motor vehicles, agricultural products, machinery, and metal products. Major trading partners include the European Union countries, Russia, China, and neighboring countries.
  6. Investment and Privatization: Serbia has been working on attracting foreign direct investment (FDI) to support economic growth and modernization. The privatization of state-owned enterprises has been ongoing, leading to improvements in efficiency and competitiveness. Sectors such as energy, telecommunications, and infrastructure have seen significant investments from foreign companies.
  7. Energy: The energy sector is of strategic importance to Serbia. The country has diverse energy sources, including coal, hydropower, and renewable energy. Serbia has been working on improving energy efficiency, increasing the share of renewable energy in the energy mix, and modernizing its energy infrastructure.
  8. Financial Sector: The financial sector in Serbia includes banking, insurance, and capital markets. The banking industry has undergone reforms to align with European Union standards and enhance stability. The country has also made efforts to promote financial inclusion and improve access to credit for businesses and individuals.
  9. Infrastructure: Investments in infrastructure have been a priority for Serbia. The country has been working on improving its transportation network, including roads, railways, and airports. These improvements not only support domestic economic activities but also contribute to regional connectivity.
  10. Challenges and Opportunities: While Serbia has made progress in various economic sectors, it faces challenges such as unemployment, structural reforms, and ensuring sustainable growth. The need for continued reforms, particularly in areas like the rule of law, governance, and the business environment, is essential for attracting investments and fostering economic development.

In conclusion, Serbia’s economy is characterized by a mix of agricultural, industrial, and services sectors. The country has been working on attracting foreign investments, modernizing its infrastructure, and promoting economic diversification. The statistical data for each sector may have evolved, so we recommend referring to more recent sources for the latest information.

Major Trade Partners of Serbia

Serbia has developed a network of significant trade partners that play a crucial role in its economic activities. These trade partnerships contribute to the country’s export and import dynamics, economic growth, and integration into the global market. It’s important to note that trade relationships can evolve over time, so it’s recommended to consult more recent sources for the latest information. Here is an overview of Serbia’s major trade partners up to 2021:

  1. European Union (EU): The European Union is by far Serbia’s most significant trade partner. The EU is both a major destination for Serbian exports and a key source of imports. Serbia has a Stabilization and Association Agreement (SAA) with the EU, which facilitates trade by promoting harmonization of regulations and standards. The EU’s share in Serbia’s total trade has been substantial, emphasizing the importance of this partnership.
  2. Russia: According to COUNTRYAAH.COM, Russia has historically been a significant trade partner for Serbia, particularly in terms of energy cooperation and trade in natural resources. Energy products, such as oil and gas, are among the major commodities traded between the two countries. Additionally, Russia is a source of machinery and equipment for Serbia.
  3. China: China’s influence in Serbia has been growing, with increasing trade and investment ties. Chinese investments have been directed toward infrastructure projects, including roads and bridges. Trade between China and Serbia encompasses various sectors, including electronics, machinery, textiles, and consumer goods.
  4. Turkey: Turkey is an important trade partner for Serbia, with trade relations spanning a wide range of goods and services. Agricultural products, textiles, and machinery are among the items exchanged between the two countries. Cultural and historical ties also contribute to the strength of this partnership.
  5. Italy: Italy is one of Serbia’s top trading partners within the European Union. Trade between the two countries includes machinery, vehicles, textiles, and agricultural products. Italian companies have also invested in Serbia, contributing to the country’s industrial and manufacturing sectors.
  6. Germany: Germany’s strong industrial base and economic prowess make it a key trading partner for Serbia. Machinery, vehicles, chemicals, and electronics are among the items traded between the two countries. Germany’s role in the EU adds to its significance as a trade partner for Serbia.
  7. Bosnia and Herzegovina: Serbia shares a common border and historical ties with Bosnia and Herzegovina, resulting in a significant trade relationship. The two countries engage in cross-border trade of various goods and services, contributing to regional economic integration.
  8. Hungary: As neighboring countries, Serbia and Hungary share close economic ties. Trade between the two countries includes machinery, vehicles, agricultural products, and energy. Hungary’s geographical proximity contributes to the ease of trade and cooperation.
  9. Austria: Austria is another EU member state that maintains substantial trade relations with Serbia. Trade includes machinery, vehicles, electronics, and pharmaceutical products. Austrian companies have also invested in sectors such as finance and energy in Serbia.
  10. Croatia: Croatia is another important regional trade partner for Serbia. The two countries engage in bilateral trade, including agricultural products, machinery, and textiles. Their proximity and shared history contribute to the strength of their trade relationship.
  11. Switzerland: Switzerland is a notable trade partner for Serbia, with trade covering various sectors including pharmaceuticals, machinery, and textiles. Switzerland’s reputation for quality products and technological advancements contributes to its significance in Serbia’s trade portfolio.
  12. Montenegro: As neighboring countries, Serbia and Montenegro share economic ties and a history of trade. Cross-border trade and cooperation in various sectors, including agriculture and tourism, contribute to their bilateral relationship.

In conclusion, Serbia’s major trade partners encompass a diverse range of countries within and outside of Europe. The country’s trade relationships contribute to economic growth, technology transfer, and the overall development of various sectors. While these partnerships provide opportunities, challenges such as regulatory alignment, infrastructure development, and economic diversification remain important considerations for Serbia’s future trade endeavors. Keep in mind that trade dynamics can change over time, so it’s advisable to refer to more recent sources for the latest information on Serbia’s trade partners.