Economic Sectors of Guatemala

North America

Wecan provide an overview of the economic sectors in Guatemala and key statistics for each sector. Please note that these statistics might have changed since then, so it’s important to refer to the latest data from official sources for the most accurate and up-to-date information.

  1. Agriculture: Agriculture is a vital sector in Guatemala’s economy, providing employment, livelihoods, and essential commodities.
  • Contribution to GDP: According to Smber, agriculture has historically been a significant contributor to Guatemala’s GDP, with varying percentages over the years.
  • Employment: A substantial portion of the population is employed in agriculture, particularly in subsistence farming and the production of export crops.
  • Exports: Guatemala is a major exporter of agricultural products, including coffee, bananas, sugar, vegetables, and fruits.
  1. Manufacturing: The manufacturing sector encompasses various industries, including textiles, apparel, food processing, and beverages.
  • Contribution to GDP: Manufacturing contributes to Guatemala’s GDP, though to a lesser extent compared to agriculture and services.
  • Exports: The manufacturing sector exports products such as textiles, clothing, coffee, and food items.
  1. Services: The services sector plays a crucial role in Guatemala’s economy, contributing to employment and income.
  • Contribution to GDP: Services make up a significant portion of Guatemala’s GDP, encompassing a range of activities from finance to tourism.
  • Tourism: Tourism is an important component of the services sector, with visitors attracted to Guatemala’s cultural heritage and natural beauty.
  1. Trade and Commerce: Trade and commerce activities contribute to economic growth and facilitate the exchange of goods and services.
  • Exports: Guatemala exports various products, including agricultural goods, textiles, and clothing.
  • Imports: The country imports machinery, fuels, chemicals, and consumer goods.
  1. Construction: The construction sector involves infrastructure development, residential projects, and commercial buildings.
  • Investment: Construction projects contribute to investment and economic growth.
  • Infrastructure: Development in this sector supports connectivity and modernization.
  1. Financial Services: The financial sector provides essential services for individuals and businesses, promoting economic activity.
  • Banking: Banking services include lending, deposits, and investment products.
  • Microfinance: Microfinance institutions support financial inclusion and provide services to underserved populations.
  1. Energy and Utilities: Growth in energy and utilities is essential for sustaining economic activities and improving living standards.
  • Energy Production: Guatemala generates electricity from various sources, including hydroelectric and thermal power.
  • Access: Expanding access to electricity in rural areas contributes to development and improved quality of life.
  1. Telecommunications and Technology: Advancements in telecommunications and technology support economic growth and connectivity.
  • Mobile Penetration: The mobile phone market has grown, improving communication and access to services.
  • Digital Services: Technology adoption supports the expansion of digital services.
  1. Agriculture and Agribusiness: Apart from traditional agriculture, there’s a growing focus on agribusiness, value addition, and agro-processing.
  • Value Addition: Adding value to agricultural products through processing contributes to income generation and export growth.
  • Export Diversification: Efforts are made to diversify agricultural exports beyond traditional crops.
  1. Mining and Resources: While not a dominant sector, Guatemala has mineral resources that contribute to industrial processes and exports.
  • Minerals: Guatemala has resources such as nickel, gold, and other minerals that have the potential to support economic activities.

It’s important to recognize that Guatemala’s economic landscape is influenced by various factors, including social challenges, environmental considerations, and political developments. Additionally, the COVID-19 pandemic has had an impact on various sectors, including tourism and trade.

For the most current and accurate statistics for each economic sector in Guatemala, we recommend referring to official sources such as the National Institute of Statistics, the Bank of Guatemala, and international organizations like the World Bank and the International Monetary Fund (IMF).

Major Trade Partners of Guatemala

Guatemala, located in Central America, engages in international trade to support its economy and promote economic growth. The country’s trade partners play a crucial role in shaping its trade dynamics and contributing to its development. We can provide an overview of Guatemala’s major trade partners and their significance to the country’s trade activities. Keep in mind that trade relationships can evolve, so it’s important to refer to the latest data for the most accurate information.

  1. United States: According to COUNTRYAAH.COM, the United States is Guatemala’s largest trading partner, both in terms of imports and exports. Proximity, economic ties, and trade agreements contribute to this relationship.
  • Exports: Guatemala exports products such as coffee, bananas, vegetables, textiles, and apparel to the United States.
  • Imports: The country imports machinery, vehicles, chemicals, petroleum products, and various consumer goods from the United States.
  1. El Salvador, Honduras, and Nicaragua (Central American Integration System – SICA): Neighboring countries within the SICA framework are crucial trade partners for Guatemala, given regional cooperation and proximity.
  • Intraregional Trade: Trade among SICA countries involves a range of products, contributing to regional economic integration.
  • Exports and Imports: Goods exchanged include agricultural products, textiles, machinery, and manufactured items.
  1. Mexico: Mexico’s economic ties with Guatemala contribute to bilateral trade, supported by geographic proximity.
  • Exports: Guatemala exports agricultural products, textiles, and manufactured items to Mexico.
  • Imports: The country imports machinery, petroleum products, chemicals, and electronics from Mexico.
  1. European Union (EU): The European Union is an important trading partner for Guatemala, providing access to a diverse market and trade preferences.
  • Exports: Guatemala exports products like fruits, vegetables, coffee, and textiles to the EU.
  • Imports: The country imports machinery, vehicles, chemicals, and electronics from EU member states.
  1. China: China’s global economic influence has led to increased trade ties with countries like Guatemala.
  • Imports: Guatemala imports machinery, electronics, textiles, and consumer goods from China.
  1. Canada: Canada is a trading partner that engages in both imports and exports with Guatemala.
  • Exports: Guatemala exports products like fruits, vegetables, and coffee to Canada.
  • Imports: The country imports machinery, vehicles, chemicals, and minerals from Canada.
  1. Venezuela: Despite political and economic challenges, Venezuela has historically been a trading partner for Guatemala.
  • Exports: Guatemala exports goods like fruits, vegetables, coffee, and textiles to Venezuela.
  • Imports: The country imports petroleum products and chemicals from Venezuela.
  1. Colombia: Colombia contributes to Guatemala’s trade landscape, with potential for growth in bilateral trade.
  • Exports and Imports: Trade involves products such as agricultural goods, textiles, machinery, and consumer items.
  1. Dominican Republic: Grenada engages in trade with the Dominican Republic, contributing to Caribbean trade relations.
  • Exports and Imports: Goods exchanged include agricultural products, textiles, machinery, and manufactured items.
  1. Chile: Chile is part of Guatemala’s network of trade partners, contributing to international trade activities.
  • Exports and Imports: Trade involves products such as agricultural goods, textiles, and machinery.
  1. Japan and South Korea: While not as dominant as some other partners, countries like Japan and South Korea engage in trade with Guatemala.
  • Exports and Imports: Trade involves goods like textiles, electronics, and machinery.

It’s important to recognize that Guatemala’s trade relationships are influenced by various factors, including global economic trends, trade agreements, regional partnerships, and domestic policies. Additionally, the COVID-19 pandemic has impacted trade patterns, particularly in sectors like agriculture, textiles, and tourism.

For the most current and accurate information on Guatemala’s major trade partners, we recommend consulting official trade data from sources such as the Banco de Guatemala, the Ministry of Economy, and international trade organizations.