Economic Sectors of Ghana


Wecan provide an overview of the economic sectors of Ghana, including key statistics for each sector. Please note that these statistics may have changed since then, so it’s important to refer to the latest data from official sources for the most accurate and up-to-date information.

  1. Agriculture: Agriculture is a vital sector for Ghana’s economy, providing employment for a significant portion of the population and contributing to both GDP and exports. Key agricultural products include cocoa, gold, oil palm, cassava, yams, and maize.
  • Contribution to GDP: In 2020, the agricultural sector contributed around 18.8% to Ghana’s GDP.
  • Employment: According to Smber, approximately 35% of the Ghanaian population is employed in the agriculture sector.
  • Export: Cocoa is a major export commodity for Ghana. It is one of the world’s top cocoa producers and exporters.
  1. Industry: The industrial sector in Ghana encompasses manufacturing, mining, construction, and energy production. Mining, particularly gold mining, has historically been a significant driver of the Ghanaian economy.
  • Contribution to GDP: In 2020, the industrial sector contributed around 34.9% to Ghana’s GDP.
  • Mining: Ghana is one of the largest gold producers in Africa. Other minerals like bauxite, manganese, and diamonds are also mined.
  • Manufacturing: Manufacturing activities include food processing, textiles, cement, and pharmaceuticals.
  1. Services: The services sector in Ghana covers a wide range of activities, including financial services, telecommunications, tourism, education, and more.
  • Contribution to GDP: In 2020, the services sector contributed around 46.3% to Ghana’s GDP.
  • Telecommunications: The telecommunications industry has experienced rapid growth, with increased mobile phone penetration and internet usage.
  • Tourism: Ghana has been promoting itself as a tourist destination, attracting visitors with its historical sites, cultural heritage, and natural attractions.
  1. Oil and Gas: The discovery and production of oil and gas resources in Ghana’s offshore areas have had a transformative impact on the economy.
  • Oil Production: Ghana began commercial oil production in 2010. Major oil fields include Jubilee, TEN (Tweneboa, Enyenra, Ntomme), and Sankofa-Gye Nyame.
  • Contribution to GDP: The oil and gas sector contributes significantly to Ghana’s export earnings and government revenue.
  1. Trade and Commerce: Trade and commerce play a crucial role in connecting Ghana to global markets and facilitating the exchange of goods and services.
  • Exports: Ghana exports a range of products, including gold, oil, cocoa, minerals, and agricultural products.
  • Imports: The country imports goods such as machinery, petroleum products, industrial equipment, and consumer goods.
  1. Financial Services: Ghana’s financial sector supports economic activities by providing banking, insurance, investment, and other financial services.
  • Banking: The banking industry in Ghana includes both local and international banks, offering a range of services to individuals and businesses.
  • Microfinance: Microfinance institutions play a role in providing financial services to underserved populations and small businesses.
  1. Agriculture and Agribusiness: Apart from traditional agriculture, there’s a growing focus on agribusiness, value addition, and agro-processing in Ghana.
  • Value Addition: Efforts are being made to add value to agricultural products through processing, which can create jobs and increase export potential.
  • Export Diversification: Beyond cocoa, there are efforts to diversify agricultural exports, including non-traditional products like fruits and vegetables.
  1. Technology and Innovation: Ghana’s technology sector has been evolving, with increased focus on entrepreneurship, tech startups, and digital innovation.
  • Tech Hubs: The country has seen the emergence of tech hubs and incubators that support innovation and young entrepreneurs.
  • Digital Payment: Digital payment systems have gained popularity, contributing to financial inclusion and convenience.

It’s important to note that the Ghanaian economy, like all economies, is subject to various internal and external factors that can influence its performance and sectoral contributions. These factors include government policies, global economic trends, commodity prices, technological advancements, and geopolitical developments. To obtain the most current and accurate statistics for each economic sector in Ghana, we recommend referring to official sources such as the Ghana Statistical Service, the Bank of Ghana, and international organizations like the World Bank and the International Monetary Fund (IMF).

Major Trade Partners of Ghana

Ghana, located on the west coast of Africa, has a diverse range of trade partners that contribute to its economic growth and development. We can provide an overview of Ghana’s major trade partners and their significance to the country’s trade dynamics. Please keep in mind that trade relationships can change over time, so it’s important to refer to the latest data for the most accurate information.

China: According to COUNTRYAAH.COM, China has become one of Ghana’s key trade partners over the years. The trade relationship between the two countries is characterized by a combination of imports and exports. China is a significant source of imports for Ghana, providing items like machinery, electronics, textiles, and manufactured goods. On the other hand, Ghana exports commodities like gold, cocoa, and timber to China. This trade relationship has been mutually beneficial, providing Ghana with essential goods and China with valuable resources.

India: India is another important trade partner for Ghana. The trade between the two countries includes the exchange of pharmaceuticals, machinery, textiles, and vehicles. Additionally, India has invested in various sectors in Ghana, including telecommunications, energy, and agriculture. The trade relationship with India has strengthened over the years, fostering economic ties between the two nations.

United States: The United States is a significant trade partner for Ghana, particularly in terms of exports. Ghana exports products such as cocoa and minerals to the U.S. Additionally, the U.S. has been involved in trade capacity-building programs to support Ghana’s economic development. However, the trade balance between the two countries has sometimes been skewed in favor of the U.S., prompting discussions about ways to promote more balanced trade.

European Union (EU): The European Union is a significant trade partner for Ghana, collectively serving as one of its largest export destinations. The EU imports products like cocoa, fruits, vegetables, and fish from Ghana. The EU’s Generalized System of Preferences (GSP) provides Ghana with preferential access to EU markets, facilitating trade. This relationship has been vital for Ghana’s export-driven sectors.

Nigeria: Nigeria, as a neighboring West African country, holds importance as a trade partner for Ghana. The trade relationship involves the exchange of various goods, including petroleum products, food products, machinery, and textiles. Ghana and Nigeria share membership in regional organizations like the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS), which aims to promote regional integration and trade.

Cote d’Ivoire (Ivory Coast): Cote d’Ivoire is a significant trading partner due to its proximity and shared economic interests. Both countries are major cocoa producers and exporters. Trade between Ghana and Cote d’Ivoire involves the exchange of cocoa, agricultural products, and manufactured goods.

United Kingdom: Historically, the United Kingdom has had close trade ties with Ghana due to their colonial history. The UK is a destination for Ghana’s exports such as gold, cocoa, and oil. The Brexit transition introduced changes to trade dynamics, requiring the negotiation of new trade agreements between the two countries.

Netherlands: The Netherlands is an important partner for Ghana, particularly in the context of the European Union. Dutch companies are involved in various sectors in Ghana, including agriculture, energy, and infrastructure. The Netherlands also serves as a hub for re-exporting Ghanaian goods to other European markets.

South Africa: South Africa has emerged as a trade partner for Ghana, with bilateral trade involving minerals, agricultural products, and machinery. The two countries have explored opportunities for cooperation in various sectors.

Japan: While not as prominent as some other partners, Japan is involved in trade with Ghana, including machinery, vehicles, and electronics. Japan’s technological advancements and investment interests have contributed to the relationship.

It’s important to note that trade relationships can evolve due to economic, political, and global factors., there may have been shifts in trade patterns, negotiations of new agreements, and changes in global economic dynamics. For the most current and accurate information on Ghana’s major trade partners, we recommend consulting official trade data from sources such as the Ghana Revenue Authority, international trade organizations, and government reports.