Due to hormonal changes in the female body during pregnancy, can be perceived in many parts of the body transformations.
Listing some care to pregnant women should take to mitigate the possible symptoms of pregnancy.
Swelling in the feet:
Drink plenty of water;
Avoid food too salty;
Rest with your feet and legs above the level of the heart;
Avoid lie flat – try to lie down on your left side;
Power control to prevent the weight gain very fast.
-Practice exercises like stretching, Aqua aerobics, pilates and/or yoga;
-Use firm mattresses;
-Perform massages in the region sore;
-Maintain correct posture while sitting.
Spots in pregnancy (Chloasma):
-Use sunscreen above 30 fps;
-Avoid prolonged exposure to the Sun;
-Avoid using creams with retinol or urea, which hinder the formation of the baby;
Wear sunglasses and a hat.
-Drink plenty of water – from 1.5 to 2 liters per day;
-Eat at least three fruits per day, and don’t forget the vegetables at meals;
-Eat six to eight times a day, sharing meals in smaller portions and chewing slowly;
-Avoid drinking liquids during meals;
-Protein and calcium are very necessary at that stage. Remember that red meat is abundant in protein and iron. Consume plenty of milk, because calcium is essential for the formation of the baby;
-Consume fruits rich in vitamin C such as kiwi, Orange, lemon, cherry, Tangerine, and pineapple;
-Consume carbohydrates in moderation;
-During pregnancy, recommend only 300 extra calories a day.
During pregnancy, many questions surround the future mothers. After all, what is allowed to do during this period?
Check below answers to key questions on pregnancy.
Dyeing the hair – the use of chemical products, especially ammonia-based or heavy metals, is not recommended at this stage. The contact of these substances with the scalp can cause them to be absorbed and transported to the blood circulation and thus reach the fetus. Among the options, are tinctures without ammonia, tints and natural shampoos hennas. Even so, it is best to avoid dyeing your hair before the 14th or 16th week of gestation, when the fetus is still forming.
Smoking harms, and general knowledge – is the habit of smoking is injurious to health and, during pregnancy, are formally contraindicated. Pregnant women who smoke may have serious problems of blood flow from the placenta. This can take its toll on the arrival of oxygen and nutrients to the baby and may cause not just growth retardation of the fetus but also, for example, premature separation of placenta, premature rupture of the water, reducing the liquid inside the uterine cavity, among other problems.
High heels – as the belly grows, the equilibrium point of the woman also changes. It is recommended to give preference to comfortable shoes without heel and wide base, avoiding the chance of falls. In addition to not take away from the column, are comfortable to the feet, which tend to swell throughout the day.
Sunbathing-due to hormonal change that occurs during pregnancy, skin pigmentation may increase abnormally in some areas, as in the face. So, during this phase, mainly after the second trimester of pregnancy, the use of some types of sunscreens is indicated. Still, sunbathing in excess should be avoided, as they may increase the skin blemishes.
X-ray – if you need this examination (for example, in suspected bone fracture), the pregnant with clothing can undergo this to x-ray, because the dose of radiation is minimal. But it’s good to avoid the radiation in the early months. To make the common examination, doctors and technicians should always be notified of the pregnancy, because, in some cases, it is recommended that pregnant women use a lead apron on the abdomen, to protect the mother and baby.
ALVAREZ, R.; STOKES, i. a. f. Dimensional Changes of the Feet in Pregnancy * t. group, v. 16, n., p. 25.3 0.8, 1988.
SHAHEEN KAUSAR, ARIF TAJAMMUL; SHEIKH, SHAHIDA. Caplet in pregnancy. Biomedica, v. 22, 2006.
LAKHDAR, h. et al. Evaluation of the effectiveness of a broad-spectrum sunscreen in the prevention of chloasma in pregnant women. Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology, v. 21, n. 6, p. 738-742, 2007.
MCCALL, Erin E.; OLSHAN, Andrew F.; DANIELS, Julie l. Maternal hair dye use and risk of neuroblastoma in offspring. Cancer Causes Control, v. & 16, n. 6, p. 743-748, 2005.
FLOREK, Ewa et al. The experimental investigations of the toxic influence of tobacco smoke affecting progeny during pregnancy. Human experimental toxicology &, v. 18, n. 4, p. 245-251, 1999.
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